1. Key Traits
- Weight: 6–9 kilos for females, 9–13 kilos for males
- Life Expectancy: Round 15 years
The Scottish fold is characterised by their distinctive look. They show surprisingly spherical options: a spherical face, emphasised by flat ears; massive, round eyes; a brief snout (in contrast to different cat breeds) and a spherical physique construction with quick to medium legs.
The distinctive “folded” ears face ahead and down towards the face. The fold is attributable to a naturally occurring dominant-gene mutation that creates a crease within the cat’s ear cartilage.
Due to latest breeding methods, some Scottish folds specific the “munchkin” gene — a naturally occurring genetic mutation that causes shortened forelegs and hind legs. Nonetheless, some take into account this to be a controversial breeding practice.
Scottish folds may be discovered with lengthy or quick hair and in a wide range of fur colours and patterns.
2. The place They Got here From
The primary Scottish fold, Susie, was reportedly discovered roaming a farm in Perthshire, Scotland, circa 1961. William Ross took certainly one of her kittens that additionally shared her folded ear trait and registered the breed with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in 1966. Following the registration, Ross partnered with Pat Turner, a geneticist, to uncover dominant gene prompted the trait.
Due to points with ear infections, deafness and mites, together with deformed limbs and tails, the Scottish fold was despatched to America and crossed with each British and American shorthairs. After elimination of those genetic abnormalities, the Scottish fold was allowed Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) registration standing in 1974.
3. How Pleasant Are They?
Laid-back by nature, Scottish folds are playful, love consideration and like to sit close to their companions. They might grow to be excessively timid or mercurial if disadvantaged of consideration. They’re incredibly loyal and can set up sturdy bonds with 1 or extra individuals in a family — frequently following the chosen individual from room to room, ready for recognition or a pleasant pat.
Total, Scottish folds are famed for his or her extremely adaptive and even-keeled attitudes, making it simple to introduce them to new pets, individuals and settings. They’re an amazing pet for kids however don’t get pleasure from roughhousing.
4. Is This the Proper Cat for You?
LOW: Scottish folds will stay as sedentary indoor cats if given the chance, but when they’re allowed outdoor, they’ll gladly spend time roaming and hunting within the yard and neighborhood. In any case, their ancestors have been farm cats.
If a Scottish fold is left with out train stimulation, the lackadaisical demeanor could allow weight problems. To stop extra weight achieve, initiate regular play and supply a nutritious diet. Shopping for cat toys or dangling a bit of string ought to do the trick, or take into account bringing greater than 1 cat into your family.
MEDIUM: Grooming necessities differ relying on hair kind. Brief-haired Scottish folds require weekly brushing, whereas their long-haired counterparts want every day brushing. The fur of long-haired Scottish folds produces uncomfortable mats extra readily than that of their short-haired counterparts.
If the cat is allowed outdoor, they’ll doubtless shed extra throughout spring and fall months and can want extra frequent brushing. Indoor cats have a tendency to shed evenly 12 months spherical, so sustaining a consistent grooming schedule will suffice. Professionals advocate utilizing a high quality metal comb to take away hair and forestall mats.
Nail upkeep must be accomplished frequently by clipping the nails each 1–2 weeks, and the enamel must be cleaned extra usually.
Well being Issues
MEDIUM: Like different breeds with barnyard ancestors, the Scottish fold is a resilient feline. However, they don’t seem to be with out attainable genetic abnormalities.
It’s thought of an unethical breeding apply to mate folded-eared pairs. Mixed, the dominant gene that produces folded ears could trigger a degenerative joint disease, affecting the backbone, hind legs and tail. Seen indicators embody thicker tail bones or spines, restricted mobility, sensitivity to contact and inflexible actions.
To keep away from joint degeneration, breeders are inspired to mate folded-eared Scottish folds with straight-eared Scottish folds.
Try these kitty antics:
5. The place to Undertake One
Test native shelters for Scottish folds in want of a brand new residence. In the event you’re unsure about how to discover respected shelters, begin by visiting Pets Adviser’s adoption page.
Kitten mills do exist, so please learn our kitten mill article and familiarize your self with our puppy mill red flags (they apply to kittens, too).